Dog Spitting Out Food: Causes and Solutions Explained

It’s not uncommon for dog owners to notice their furry companions spitting out food from time to time. While it may seem like a strange or concerning behavior, it’s often a result of various factors, such as dental issues, gastrointestinal problems, or even dissatisfaction with the meal.

Understanding the possible reasons behind this behavior can help you address the issue and ensure the health and happiness of your dogs.

Dogs, just like humans, have preferences when it comes to their meals. Some might be picky eaters, while others may be experiencing difficulty with their food due to an underlying health issue.

In any case, it’s essential for owners to monitor their dogs’ feeding habits, as changes in their appetite could be indicative of a more significant problem that requires professional attention.

Key Takeaways

  • Dental issues, gastrointestinal problems, and pickiness are common reasons for dogs spitting out food.
  • Monitoring your dog’s feeding habits is essential for identifying and addressing potential problems.
  • Consult a veterinarian if the issue persists, as it could indicate an underlying health issue.

Why Dogs Spit Out Food

Why is my dog spitting out food?

Dogs may spit out their food for a variety of reasons, and it’s important to identify the underlying cause to address it properly. In this section, we’ll discuss some common reasons, such as texture issues, taste preferences, and dental problems.

Texture Issues

Some dogs can be quite particular about the texture of their food. For example, they may prefer soft, moist food over dry, hard kibble or vice versa. If your dog is spitting out food, it might be due to its texture not being quite right for them. Trying a different food that has a more appealing texture might resolve the problem.

Taste Preferences

Just like humans, dogs have individual taste preferences. If your dog is spitting out food, it could be because they simply don’t like the taste of it. It’s essential not to take it personally, but rather to experiment with different flavors and protein sources to find the one your dog prefers.

Tips to help find the right taste:

  • Rotate between chicken, beef, fish, and other protein sources
  • Try both grain-free and grain-inclusive options
  • Mix wet food and dry kibble to create a unique texture and flavor combination

Dental Problems

Another reason dogs may spit out their food is due to dental problems. Painful teeth and gums can make eating difficult, and they might end up spitting food out either because it hurts to chew or they can’t properly break it down. Make sure to check your dog’s oral health regularly.

Signs of dental problems in dogs include:

  • Bad breath
  • Red, swollen, or bleeding gums
  • Loose or missing teeth
  • Difficulty chewing or eating

If you suspect that your dog is spitting out food due to dental issues, it’s essential to contact your veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment. Regular dental cleanings, brushing, and appropriate chew toys can help maintain your dog’s dental health and prevent future issues.

Common Foods Dogs Spit Out

Fruits and Vegetables

Dogs might spit out certain fruits and vegetables due to their taste, texture, or difficulty to chew. Some examples include:

  • Grapes and raisins: These should be avoided as they are toxic to dogs and can cause kidney failure.
  • Raw onions and garlic: These can be harmful to a dog’s health, causing gastrointestinal irritation or anemia
  • Citrus fruits: The acidity and strong taste of these fruits might not be appealing to dogs.

However, not all fruits and vegetables are problematic, and many can be excellent sources of vitamins and nutrients for your furry friend.

Dry Kibble

Dry kibble can be a culprit when dogs spit out food, and it could be due to several factors:

  1. Size: The size of the kibble might be too large or too small, making it difficult for them to eat comfortably.
  2. Texture: Some dogs may dislike the hard texture of dry kibbles and find it difficult to chew.
  3. Flavor: If your dog is not enjoying the taste of their kibble, they may refuse to eat them and spit them out.

In such cases, you can try to switch to a different brand or add a little moist food or water to soften the kibble and make them more appealing.

Human Foods

Dogs may spit out human foods they find unappealing or difficult to chew, or perhaps they are aware that certain foods are not good for them. A few examples of human foods dogs might spit out include:

  • Spicy foods: Most dogs can’t handle the heat from spicy dishes, and they will likely spit them out.
  • Sweets and desserts: Dogs might be intrigued by the smell, but once they taste the sugary treats, they might not find them enjoyable. Plus, sugary foods are not good for their health.
  • Beverages: Dogs may spit out beverages like coffee, tea, or alcohol, as these can be harmful or taste unpleasant.

Remember to always research any new food items before introducing them to your dog’s diet and consult with your veterinarian for guidance.

How to Address the Issue

When your dog spits out food, there could be several reasons behind it. Here are some steps you can take to address the issue:

Consult a Veterinarian

The first thing to do when your dog is spitting out food is to consult with a veterinarian. They can rule out any underlying health issues such as dental problems, gastrointestinal issues, or other illnesses that could be causing your dog to spit out their food.

If a medical condition is identified, your veterinarian will recommend the appropriate treatment to resolve the issue.

Change Food Brands

If your veterinarian has ruled out any health issues, it might be worth trying to change the dog food brand. Sometimes, dogs simply don’t like the taste or texture of a particular brand or type of food. O

ffering your dog a different brand or a different flavor from the same brand can make a difference. It’s important to introduce new food gradually to avoid any digestive issues caused by sudden changes in diet.

Remember that what works for one dog may not necessarily work for your dog, so you may need to experiment with different brands until you find the one your dog enjoys the most.

Add Food Toppings

Another solution you can try is to add food toppings or mixers to your dog’s meal. This can help make the food more enticing and palatable for your dog. You can try adding things like:

  • Low-sodium chicken or beef broth: This can soften the food and add an appealing flavor, making it more enticing for your dog.
  • Cooked, unseasoned shredded chicken or ground beef: This can add protein and texture to your dog’s meal, which can entice them to eat the food.
  • Canned pumpkin or sweet potato (plain, not seasoned): These can provide additional nutrients and a different texture that might encourage your dog to eat their food.

The key is to try different strategies with a little humor and patience until you find what works best for your dog. Addressing the issue can contribute to your dog’s overall health and well-being.

Preventing Future Incidents

Establish a Feeding Routine

Establishing a consistent feeding routine is essential to help prevent your dog from spitting out food. Regular meal times allow your dog to develop a sense of structure and familiarity with their feeding environment. Make sure you feed your dog the same type and quantity of food at the same time every day, aiming for 2-3 meals a day depending on your dog’s size and energy levels. This routine will assist in reducing stress and anxiety, which could contribute to picky eating behaviors.

Monitor Your Dog’s Eating Habits

Keep a watchful eye on your dog’s eating habits and any changes that may occur. If your dog starts to spit out food, consider the following:

  • Dental Issues: Check your dog’s teeth and mouth for signs of dental problems, such as inflammation, bad breath, or discolored teeth. If you suspect a dental issue, consult your veterinarian for professional advice and treatment options.
  • Food Quality: Be mindful of the quality and shelf life of your dog’s food. Expired or spoiled food may lead to your dog spitting it out. Regularly check expiration dates and store the food in a cool, dry place to maintain maximum freshness.
  • Dietary Changes: When introducing new food to your dog’s diet, do so gradually by mixing small amounts of the new food with the old food over a period of a week or two. This will help your dog adjust to the new taste and minimize the risk of digestive issues.
  • Behavioral Training: If your dog continues to spit out food, consider seeking professional help from a dog behaviorist or trainer. They can assist with determining any underlying behavioral issues and suggest techniques for addressing them.

When to Seek Professional Help

Health Concerns

If your dog is frequently spitting out food, it’s possible that there may be an underlying health issue. Some common health concerns that can cause a dog to spit out their food include dental issues, gastrointestinal problems, and even allergies. If your dog is consistently spitting out food or showing other symptoms like vomiting, excessive drooling, or weight loss, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian.

Some red flags that indicate it’s time to seek veterinary help include:

  • Sudden changes in your dog’s eating habits
  • Difficulty swallowing or chewing
  • Blood in their vomit or stool
  • Any signs of pain or distress when eating

Make a note of any changes in your dog’s behavior or symptoms and bring this information to the veterinarian, as it can help them better diagnose the issue.

Chronic Picky Eating

While some dogs can be more selective with their meals than others, chronic picky eating can become a concern, especially if it affects their overall health and weight. Trying different types of food or adjusting feeding routines may help, but if the issue persists and your dog is not maintaining a healthy weight, it’s time to consult a professional.

A certified applied animal behaviorist (CAAB or ACAAB), a board-certified veterinary behaviorist (Dip ACVB), or a certified professional dog trainer (CPDT) can provide guidance on addressing food-related behavioral issues. Collaborating with one of these experts can help determine if your dog’s picky eating is a behavioral issue or if there’s a more serious underlying medical condition that needs to be addressed.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why does my dog drop his food before eating?

Dogs might drop their food before eating due to dental issues, difficulty picking up food, or simply because they prefer to eat in a different location. Make sure to check your dog’s teeth and gums for any signs of discomfort. If the issue persists, try switching to a different type of food or bowl.

What causes my dog to spit out the first bite?

Your dog might spit out the first bite if there’s something wrong with the food, such as it being spoiled or having an unpleasant taste. Additionally, sensitivity in their mouth or a dental issue could cause discomfort, leading to spitting out the food. Monitor your pet’s behavior and consult your veterinarian if necessary.

Why does my dog back away from the food bowl?

Backing away from the food bowl could indicate that your dog experiences discomfort or fear when trying to eat. This can result from the bowl’s location, a negative past experience, or underlying health issues. Try adjusting the environment and consult your veterinarian to rule out any medical problems.

What are the symptoms of oral dysphagia in dogs?

Oral dysphagia is difficulty swallowing due to problems in the mouth or throat. Symptoms include dropping food, spitting out food, inability to chew, excessive drooling, gagging, coughing, bad breath, weight loss, and loss of appetite. If you notice any of these symptoms, consult your veterinarian.

How can I prevent my dog from dropping food?

To prevent your dog from dropping food, address any dental issues or sensitivities, and ensure the food’s quality. Experiment with different food types and bowl styles to accommodate your dog’s needs. Slow feeder bowls, for instance, can encourage a slower, more controlled eating pace.

Why does my dog refuse kibble but eat treats?

Dogs might refuse kibble but eat treats due to taste preferences, dental issues, or the rewarding nature of treats. If your dog consistently refuses kibble, try adding a bit of warm water or a small amount of wet food to create an enticing aroma. If dental problems are suspected, consult with your veterinarian for proper care.