Green Discharge from Pregnant Dog: Signs, Causes, and Solutions

Pregnant dogs, like humans, may experience some changes during their pregnancy journey. One such change that can cause concern for owners is green discharge.

Green discharge can occur prior to giving birth, while giving birth, or even after giving birth.

Understanding this phenomenon is crucial for pet owners to ensure their dog and her puppies are safe and healthy.

green discharge from pregnant dog

In some cases, the appearance of green discharge in pregnant dogs may simply be due to changes in hormones and is nothing to worry about.

However, there are instances when it can be a sign of infection or complications, such as the separation of the placenta from the uterus or the rupturing of the amniotic sac.

Knowing the common causes, symptoms, and appropriate treatment options for green discharge can aid in providing the necessary care for a pregnant dog in distress.

Key Takeaways

  • Green discharge in pregnant dogs can occur at various stages and may or may not be a cause for concern.
  • Common causes include hormonal changes, placental separation, and amniotic sac rupturing.
  • It is important for pet owners to monitor symptoms and seek veterinary assistance when complications arise.

Understanding Green Discharge in Pregnant Dogs

green discharge is normal

Green discharge in pregnant dogs is a common occurrence and often a natural part of the birthing process. It is typically a sign of the presence of meconium, which is the puppy’s first feces. Meconium is usually passed by the puppy while it is still in the uterus, and it can mix with the amniotic fluid, giving it a greenish tint.

While it may look alarming, there’s no need to panic. Puppies are well-protected in their amniotic sacs, and the green discharge is generally not a cause for concern. However, it is essential for dog owners to be observant and monitor their pregnant dog’s health and any changes in its discharge.

One important thing to note is that if the green discharge appears too early in the birthing process, it could be a sign that the placenta has separated from the uterus. In such cases, it is crucial to consult a veterinarian immediately to ensure the dog’s and its puppies’ health and safety.

Common Causes of Green Discharge

Placental Detachment

One possible cause of green discharge in a pregnant dog is the detachment of the placenta from the uterus. This happens when the placenta separates from the uterine wall, causing the green-colored discharge. It can also occur if the amniotic sac ruptures. If you notice green discharge in your pregnant dog along with signs of discomfort or distress, it is essential to seek veterinary advice.

Premature Birth

Another possible cause of green discharge in pregnant dogs is premature birth. If your dog is experiencing discharge earlier than expected in her pregnancy, it could be a sign that she is going into labor sooner than anticipated. In this case, it’s vital to keep a close watch on your dog, ensure she is comfortable, and consult your vet if needed.

Canine Reproductive Infection

Green discharge from a pregnant dog could also be indicative of a reproductive infection. These infections can be bacterial, viral, or parasitic in nature. If your dog has abnormal vaginal discharge (green, brown, black, or pus-colored), abdominal pain, and fever, these could be signs of miscarriage or infection. In such cases, timely medical attention is crucial to ensure the well-being of your dog and her puppies.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

When a pregnant dog experiences green discharge, it could indicate a potential issue with the pregnancy or underlying health concerns. As a responsible pet owner, it’s essential to be familiar with the symptoms and diagnostic options so you can address any concerns effectively.

Physical Examination

The first step in diagnosing the cause of the green discharge is a thorough physical examination by a veterinarian. During the examination, the vet will assess the general health of your pregnant dog, check her vital signs, and inspect the discharge.

They might also palpate the abdomen to evaluate the size and position of the pups. If the green discharge is accompanied by other symptoms such as lethargy, vomiting, or foul odor, it could indicate a more severe issue that requires immediate attention.


An ultrasound is a valuable diagnostic tool to assess the health of the pregnant dog’s puppies. This non-invasive procedure allows the vet to visualize the developing pups, check their heartbeat, and confirm their viability. If there’s an issue with the pregnancy, such as fetal death or a complication that could cause the green discharge, an ultrasound can help identify and address the problem swiftly.


While ultrasound is particularly useful for evaluating the pups’ health, X-rays can provide more detailed information on the mother’s condition. X-rays can help identify any abnormalities in the pregnant dog’s uterus, which could be a reason for the green discharge.

Additionally, it can show the number and position of the pups, ensuring the well-being of both the mother and her puppies during the later stages of pregnancy.

Keep in mind that the best course of action when dealing with green discharge in a pregnant dog is to consult with a veterinarian. These diagnostic steps will help you and your vet determine the cause of the discharge and form an appropriate plan to keep your pregnant dog and her future puppies happy and healthy.

Treatment and Prevention

Medical Intervention

If your pregnant dog is experiencing green discharge, it’s crucial to consult a veterinarian. They will diagnose the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment. In some cases, the infection could be managed with antibiotics, while in others, more serious interventions may be necessary. Early medical intervention can help prevent complications and ensure the health of both the mother and her puppies.

At-Home Care

While veterinary care is essential, you can also support your dog’s recovery and overall health with proper care at home. Make sure she has a clean, comfortable, and stress-free environment to rest. Keep her bedding and living areas clean to reduce the risk of infection.

Ensure your pregnant dog is receiving adequate nutrition to support her pregnancy and maintain her immune system. However, avoid overfeeding or giving her human food, as this could lead to other health issues. Remember, a healthy, happy pup is more likely to have a smooth pregnancy and recovery from any complications.

Breeding Practices

Responsible breeding practices play a crucial role in preventing complications during pregnancy, including infections that may lead to green discharge. Ensure your dog is thoroughly tested and checked for possible health issues before breeding.

Selecting a reputable breeder and following good breeding practices can significantly reduce the risks associated with pregnancy and infections. Careful monitoring of your dog’s pregnancy, along with regular veterinary check-ups, can help detect any potential problems early enough to be addressed effectively.

In a nutshell, prompt medical intervention, attentive at-home care, and responsible breeding practices are the key pillars to treating and preventing green discharge in pregnant dogs.

When to Contact a Veterinarian

It’s essential to keep a close eye on your pregnant dog to ensure a smooth pregnancy and delivery. Although some discharge is normal during pregnancy, there are times when a green discharge could be a warning sign that requires attention from your veterinarian.

Green discharge before the delivery of the first puppy is a red flag. In a typical pregnancy, it is normal for dogs to have dark green or bloody fluid after the birth of the first puppy. However, if you notice green discharge before the arrival of the first pup, it’s time to reach out to your vet for guidance.

Occasionally, green discharge may be due to an infection. Keep an eye on your dog’s overall health and behavior during pregnancy and note any changes. If you notice any additional signs of illness, such as lethargy, loss of appetite, or fever, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Lastly, if your dog has not shown any signs of whelping 64 days into the pregnancy, it’s crucial to consult with your veterinarian. They can determine the appropriate course of action, such as inducing labor or considering a cesarean section, to ensure the health of both the mother and her puppies.

Remember to always trust your instincts. If something doesn’t seem quite right with your pregnant dog, it’s better to err on the side of caution and get in touch with your vet. They will be able to provide expert advice and ensure a safe and successful pregnancy for your beloved furry friend.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is green discharge during whelping normal?

Green discharge during whelping is not normal. It indicates that the placenta has separated from the uterus and can also suggest the rupture of the amniotic sac. If a puppy is not born soon after the appearance of green discharge, it might die in the womb. It’s important to take your pregnant dog to the emergency vet immediately if she produces green discharge.

What does yellow discharge in a pregnant dog indicate?

Yellow discharge in a pregnant dog can be a sign of infection in the urinary tract, bladder, uterus, or vagina. It is important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the cause and get appropriate treatment.

Should I be concerned about brown discharge before labor?

Brown discharge before labor could be a sign of a problem, such as infection or the presence of old blood. Contact your veterinarian to discuss your dog’s symptoms and get guidance on how to proceed.

When is it normal for a pregnant dog to have discharge?

It’s normal for a pregnant dog to experience some discharge during pregnancy, especially as she gets closer to giving birth. This discharge is usually clear or white in color and is a natural part of the process.

How long after green discharge can I expect puppies?

If your dog is experiencing green discharge, you should seek veterinary assistance immediately, as it can indicate a complication with the pregnancy. Ideally, a puppy should be born soon after the appearance of green discharge, but the exact timing will depend on the dog and her individual circumstances.

At what week does discharge color change in pregnant dogs?

Discharge color can change at different times during a dog’s pregnancy, but it’s important to keep an eye out for any unusual or concerning changes. If you notice a change in your dog’s discharge that you’re unsure about, consult with a veterinarian for guidance. Careful monitoring of your dog’s condition throughout her pregnancy will help ensure her safety and the well-being of her puppies.