Why is My Female Dog Leaking Brown Fluid From Anus: 5 Causes

A female dog leaking brown fluid from the anus can be a cause for concern, as the color and consistency often indicate that the issue is serious.

It’s important to call the vet if you notice any sort of leak from the anus, including an abnormal shade of brown.

There are many potential causes, and diagnosing this issue can be tricky. In some cases, it may not even be related to her health at all!

This article will discuss what could cause this symptom in female dogs and what measures can be taken to diagnose and treat it. We’ll start with the most common causes (anal gland issues) and work to the rarer problems.


1. Anal Glands

Why is My Female Dog Leaking Brown Fluid From Anus

If your dog is dragging their butt across the carpet, that’s a form of anal gland expression and an indicator they have anal gland problems.

What Anal Glands Do

Anal glands, also known as anal sacs, are two small pouches located at the four and eight o’clock positions around a dog’s anus. They contain scent glands that produce a unique smell for each dog.

The purpose of these glands is to help dogs identify one another and mark their territory.

Symptoms of Anal Gland Issues

One of the most common signs of an issue with a dog’s anal glands is scooting when your dog drags their bottom across the ground. She could also be expressing her glands on the couch, which is a dead giveaway.

Other signs include licking or biting at the area around their anus, signs of pain or discomfort when touched near their rear end, and a foul odor coming from their bottom.

Dogs may also excessively chew or lick their paws if they are feeling itchy due to anal glands not functioning correctly. If you see any or all of these symptoms, it’s vital to get your pup to the vet right away.

Express the Anal Glands

Dogs express their anal glands when they defecate, but sometimes the glands will fill up and must be manually expressed by your veterinarian or groomer. You can also express your dog’s anal glands at home (if you’re comfortable working in your dog’s anal area).

This process can be uncomfortable for your pup, but it’s vital for keeping them healthy. When anal gland fluid is not released, it can cause anal sac disease and impacted anal glands.

A veterinarian or groomer should check your dog’s anal glands regularly to ensure they function correctly.

If your dog’s anal glands become impacted, swollen or infected, it can cause discomfort and pain. Proper cleaning of your dog’s anal glands is essential for his overall health and hygiene.


2. Infection

Anal infection in dogs, or perianal fistula, is a common condition that can be painful and uncomfortable. Signs of anal infection in a dog can include bloody or pus-filled discharge from the anus, rooting and excessive licking around the anus, tail chasing, and loss of appetite.

Veterinarians may diagnose an anal infection through physical examinations, imaging tests such as x-rays or ultrasounds, or by taking tissue samples for laboratory testing.

Treatment typically involves antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications to reduce pain and swelling, and immunosuppressant drugs to help reduce inflammation. It’s important to have your pup examined by a veterinarian if you suspect it may have an anal infection.


3. Rectal Prolapse

Rectal prolapse in dogs is a medical condition caused by anything from rectal parasites to chronic diarrhea.

It is characterized by the protrusion of the rectum through the anus and can be an alarming sight for pet owners.

Dogs with rectal prolapse may experience loss of appetite, lethargy, and straining during defecation. If left untreated, it can lead to severe complications such as infection or permanent damage to the rectum.

Signs of rectal prolapse in dogs can include straining to defecate, difficulty passing stool, and a protrusion of the rectum from the anus. You may also notice blood or mucus around your dog’s rectum or brown fluid leaking from it.

Fortunately, there are treatments available for rectal prolapse in dogs that may include antibiotics, anti-parasitic medications, and surgery in more severe cases.

Additionally, dietary changes may be recommended to reduce episodes of diarrhea and help minimize future episodes of rectal prolapse. Proper management should be discussed with your veterinarian to determine which treatment plan is best for your furry friend.


4. Inflammatory Bowel Disease

IBD, or inflammatory bowel disease, can cause a female dog to secrete a brown fluid from her anus. This fluid is often a sign of infection and should be monitored closely by a veterinarian.

In some cases, IBD may require long-term management of symptoms or surgery for proper treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are key in managing your pet’s health.


5. Tumors

Finally, tumors can cause your female dog to leak brown fluid from their anus. This is due to the tumor pressing on internal organs, causing a build-up of fluids that need to be released.

While this can be benign in some cases, it is important to take your dog in for a check-up and get any lumps or bumps checked out as soon as possible. Early detection can be key in treating and managing tumors before they become more serious.

As a dog owner, you should also look for other signs that may indicate your dog has cancer. These can include pale gums, unusual bleeding or discharge from any body openings, labored breathing, difficulty eating or drinking, and weight loss.

The odds are, if your female dog is leaking brown fluid from around her anus, it’s a gland issue. If you’re concerned about it, take her to the vet to ease your mind.